First it was my father-in-law’s closely guarded secret – Yusuf’s Kate Masale ka Gosht. This time it is my mother’s secret recipe that I have tried to re-create here. I cooked this for lunch and well, it came close to her brilliance!!! The missing ingredient was perhaps a mother’s love! This recipe is a tribute to the selfless caring and unconditional love that will need many lifetimes to partly reciprocate.
This is a recipe that is found in most gujarati thalis or gujarati weddings. The version here is much lighter and less sweeter than most gujarati homes. If you wish to replicate the sweet gujarati flavor add more oil and a greater quantity of sugar!
Some of the ingredients are usually seasonal (particularly the flat beans (papdi) and yam (kand). These can be replaced with a different variety of yam and similar beans. The authentic recipe also features fresh garlic (kachcha lehsun) but for the sake of convenience I have used regular garlic cloves. If you do find fresh garlic make sure you reduce the quantity as it can get very, very strong!
½ kg Potatoes (Aloo), diced
½ kg Flat beans (Papdi), stringed and halved
2 Raw bananas , diced
100 gms Yam (Kand/Suran) , diced
3 Baby brinjals (Chote baingan) , diced into quarters
2 “ piece Ginger
4 cloves Garlic
4 Green chillies
1 tsp Turmeric powder (Haldi powder) ¼ cup Oil
Pinch of Asafoetida (Hing) 1 bunch Coriander leaves (Hara Dhaniya) 1 tsp Mustard seeds (Rai) 2 tsp Sugar or jaggery
¼ cup Bengal Gram Flour (Besan)
Small Bunch Fenugreek Leaves (Methi), chopped
½” Ginger, grated
1 tsp Red Chilli Powder
½ tsp Sugar
Oil to deep fry
Salt to taste
Make a rough paste of garlic, green chillies, ginger and half the coriander leaves.
Mix all the muthiya ingredients except oil and prepare a firm dough.
Divide the dough into small portions and shape each into rolls, and deep fry in hot oil. Remove and keep aside.
Heat oil in a pan, add mustard seeds.
When mustard seeds crackle mix in ground masala (step 1) and all the vegetables except the beans. Mix well.
Cover and cook this for around 5-7 minutes.
Put the the beans in this. Add turmeric, asafoetida and salt. Stir fry for five minutes on high flame.
Pour a cup of water, cover and simmer on a very low heat for 15-20 minutes or until the yam is totally cooked.
Add the fried muthiyas and sugar/pounded jaggery.Simmer for 15 minutes shaking occasionally.
Serve hot with bajra ‘rotlas’ or phoolkas laced generously with hot ghee!
Cold Chaas (buttermilk) with freshly roasted, ground cumin and salt is a great accompaniment with this meal. To make it even more rustic take some fried green chillies and lumps of jaggery with this meal. It is recommended that you schedule a siesta after this meal as you are sure to feel drowsy after a sumptuous gujju meal!
This is a recipe that my father-in-law Yusuf Husain has perfected. It is his secret recipe – one which he rarely shares with others! Even if he does share it you can be sure that he will leave out some important detail. I have ‘cracked’ the recipe after many unsuccessful attempts and after much cajoling. It was cooked last night and everybody loved it. Yusuf saab approved of the preparation and finally welcomed me to the family secret!
1 kg Mutton / Lamb, big pieces
10-12 Medium Onions, thick slices
12 Garlic cloves, roughly chopped
3 tbsp Ginger, chopped
2 Bay Leaves (tej patta)
5 Black Cardamoms (badi elaichi)
2 Cinnamon Sticks (dalchini)
15 Whole Black Pepper Corns (kali mirch)
12 Whole Dried Red Chillies
Salt, to taste
75 gms Yoghurt, beaten
4-5 tbsp Ghee or Oil
Heat ghee/oil in a saucepan. Take approximately half the quantity of onions and sauté until golden brown.
Add mutton, bay leaves, black cardamoms, cinnamon sticks, pepper corns, red chillies and 1.5 tsp salt.
Sauté on high flame until the meat changes color.
Add garlic and ginger. Sauté for another 5 minutes.
Add the remaining onions. Mix well and sauté for about 1 minute.
Seal the vessel. Cook for approximately 45-50 minutes on low flame. In case you are using a pressure cooker, wait for 3 whistles and then let the meat rest while pressure is totally released from the cooker.
Open the lid and you will see that onions are totally liquefied and the meat has been simmering in the liquefied onions.
On medium heat sauté the meat until most of the liquid has evaporated.
Reduce heat and add yoghurt. Mix well. Cover the vessel once again (not under pressure) and simmer for 5-10 minutes or until the meat is totally done.
Let the meat rest for at least 15-20 minute before serving.
This is perhaps one of the most delicate, delicious and wholesome meat recipes I have come across. The cooking of meat in the onion gravy is the key to a successful result.
You can also follow the same recipe for Kate Masale Ka Chicken. With chicken you have to be careful that you do not overcook and that onions, ginger and garlic are chopped into smaller pieces to allow the onion gravy to form faster.
The red chillies and browning of the onions lend this dish its distinct reddish color. Excessive browning will make the dish very dark and some people prefer it that way. You can add approximately 1 tbsp roasted and roughly pounded coriander seeds after adding the yoghurt. This adds a little extra bite but many people do not enjoy the distinct coriander flavor. Try it or give it a miss, but this is one recipe that you must try!
Enjoy this with rotis, naan or steamed rice. I prefer devouring this recipe without any of these!
10 ‘Bhavnagri’ Green Chillies / Large Green Chillies, sliced or slit lengthwise
1/2 cup Peanuts
1 tsp Sesame seeds (Til)
1 tsp Cumin seeds (jeera)
2 tsp Coriander seeds (Dhania)
1/2 cup Grated coconut
2 Medium Onions, roughly sliced
3 tsp Ginger-Garlic paste
2 tsp Tamarind paste
1 cup Yoghurt
5 tbsp Oil
Salt to taste
Roast the sesame seeds, cumin seeds, coriander seeds and peanuts. Keep aside to cool.
Take 1 tbs oil in a pan. Fry the sliced onions until they turn transparent. (Do not let them turn brown). Keep aside to cool.
Blend the fried onions, grated coconut, roasted peanuts, sesame seeds, cumin seeds and coriander seeds to a paste. Add some water (approx 1/4 cup) to make the blending easier.
Heat 2 tbsp oil in a pan. Fry the chillies for approx 4-5 minutes on a medium flame. Keep the chillies aside.
In the same pan heat the remaining oil. Fry the blended masala paste with ginger-garlic paste and tamarind paste for approximately 4-5 minutes.
Add the yoghurt to this and mix. Make sure the yoghurt is completely incorporated into the paste.
Add the fried chillies to this. Mix and add 1 cup of water.
Boil for 5-6 minutes. Turn off the heat and keep the pan covered for 5 minutes.
Serve with paratha or rice.
I love the Bhavnagari chillies for their correct amount of ‘hotness’. You can use any other variety of green chillies. You can also de-seed them to make the chillies milder. The real fun though is in the salan. It is tangy, hot and delicious. Replace the chillies with eggplant and you have Baingan ka salan!
I am not sure about the authenticity of this recipe but I know that it is truly delicious. Try it!
1 Medium Cabbage, chopped
3 tsp Oil
1 tsp Mustard seeds
2 tsp Urad Dal
8-10 Curry Leaves
2 tsp Turmeric powder (Haldi)
Salt, to taste
1/2 Grated coconut
Heat the oil. Add the urad dal to this.
When urad dal turns brownish add mustard seeds.
When the mustard seeds begin to sputter add curry leaves and turmeric powder. Fry for 2-3 mins.
Add the cabbage. Mix well.
Add salt and approx 1/2 cup water. Cook without covering until cabbage is fully cooked.
Add grated coconut. Fry for 1 minute. Serve hot.
So simple. That is what I love about this dish. Quick, attractive, delicious, light and great with hot phoolkas. You can sprinkle lemon juice on this before serving.
Since my mother is unable to tolerate spicy food my recipe does not include red chilli powder and coriander powder. You can add these along with turmeric powder. I still prefer the masale-free version.
1 kg Mutton, cut into large pieces
1 tbsp Garlic, ground
2-3 large Onions ground into paste
5 tsp Turmeric powder (Haldi)
8 Green cardamoms (Chhoti Elaichi)
8 Cloves (Laung)
5 tsp Kashmiri Red Chilli Powder, mixed with 1 cup water
¾ cup Ghee
2.5 litres Water
a few strands of saffron, mixed in warm water
½ tsp Black Pepper powder (Kali Mirchi Powder)
Fry the onion paste in 3 tbsp Ghee/Oil until golden brown. Keep aside
Boil the mutton in water. Keep removing all the scum with a ladle.
Once the water is clean, add salt and ground garlic. Boil until mutton is half cooked.
Remove the mutton pieces from the water and wash in running cold water. Keep aside.
Strain the water through a fine sieve and pour into a fresh pan.
Bring this water to a boil and add meat to it.
Heat the ghee in another pan. Add cloves (laung) to the hot ghee.
When the cloves begin to crackle, sprinkle around 1 tbsp water and immediately cover the pan. (This has to be done very carefully and quickly) . Keep the pan covered.
Now add green cardamoms, clove flavored ghee, turmeric powder and fried onion paste (prepared in step 1) to the mutton.
Mix and bring to a boil. Boil for approx 10-12 mins on high flame.
Now add the kashmiri red chilli mixed in water to this. Mix well. Bring to a boil.
Cover and cook on simmer until the mutton is totally cooked.
Add the saffron and black pepper powder. Mix well. Cover and simmer for 10 mins.
Keep the pan covered and let the mutton rest for approximately 20-30 minutes before serving.
The totally authentic Kashmiri preparation includes the very Kashmiri ingredient mawal (dried cockscomb flower) heated with around 1 cup water. I was unable to find this in the market and hence omitted this. The recipe was a huge success last night. We had our friends Mukul and Shalini over from Delhi. Lots of the excellent Sula Dindori Shiraz and then sumptuous Rogan Josh with simple steamed rice. Wonderful meal that was completed by some amazing gazak that my father-in-law had ‘procured’ from Lucknow. Mazaa aa gaya – kasam se!
1 kg Mutton/Lamb (with bone)
4 Medium Onion, peeled, finely chopped
4 tsp Garlic paste
3 tsp Red Chilli powder
3 tsp Coriander powder
2 tsp Cumin powder
½ tsp Turrmeric powder (haldi)
5 Medium Tomatoes, pureed or finely chopped
4 tsp Ginger paste
1-½ cups Water
¼ cup Oil / Ghee
For the Chana Dal Gosht
1 cup Chana Dal (split chick peas)
2 tsp Red Chilli powder
2 tsp Garam Masala powder
4-5 tbs Fresh Cream
1 Onion, sliced, fried until brown and kept aside
2 Green chillies, lightly fried
A handful of mint leaves
Put mutton, onions, garlic, salt, chili powder, ground coriander, turmeric and water in a heavy based saucepan or pressure cooker. Cook for 20 minutes on high flame, stirring continuously (bhunaoing) or until all the water including the water from the chopped onions has dried up.
Add tomatoes and ginger paste. Cook for 5 minutes, stirring all the time.
Add oil and cook for 10 minutes, again stirring all the time. Add one or two tablespoons of water to prevent gravy from sticking to the bottom of the pot.
Shut the flame when oil separates from the gravy.
Add the chana dal and red chilli powder to the bhuna gosht prepared above.
Add water to this. Make sure that the water covers around 1 inch above the level of the dal and meat.
Simmer under pressure for 3 whistles. Alternatively cover and simmer for 30-40 minutes until the dal and meat are fully cooked.
Open the lid. Sprinkle garam masala powder, adjust the salt and mix thoroughly. Cook on medium flame for around 10 minutes, stirring continuously. Turn off the flame.
Add fresh cream and mix into the Dal Gosht. Cover and let it rest for around 10 minutes.
Serve with lemon juice, fresh mint and brown onions.
This is a wonderful recipe that I have got from the great singer/composer and my brother from Pakistan, Shafqat Ali. The dish is attractive, delicious and a massive hit with everybody. The trick is to ensure that Bhuna Gosht is made correctly with a lot of stirring to ensure that gravy does not get stuck to the bottom of the pan.
You can make a lot of variations to this dish. Change the dal – try red lentils, kidney beans or soaked Bengal gram or a mixture of all the dals. Instead of dal you can also add vegetables like okra, cauliflower, potatoes, yam or turnips to the Bhuna Gosht to get delightful dishes! Cooking times of course will vary. You can also replace the tomatoes with yoghurt. Keep trying and serving. That is what passion is all about. Happy cooking!